PTE Practice Health topic Diabetic Retinopathy

Health is one of a popular topic in the test, and study this article could help you to get the desired score. Firstly, we take this opportunity to describe the image above in 40 seconds.

Diabetic Retinopathy

diabetic retinopathy


Great! Now let’s start some reading below about Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye problem that can cause blindness. It occurs when high blood sugar damages small blood vessels in the back of the eye, called retina.

Diabetic retinopathy can affect both eyes. You may not have any signs at first. As it worsens, blood vessels weaken and leak blood and fluid. As new blood vessels grow they also leak causing blocks in your vision.

All people with diabetes are at risk for this problem. There are things you can do to reduce your risk and prevent or slow vision loss.

To help reduce the risk of vision loss:

  1. blood sugar levels need to be well controlled
  2. keep your blood pressure and blood practising levels normal (You may need to take medicine)
  3. have an eye exam each year by an eye specialist that includes eye dilation.

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